Sahih Muslim (Book 12)
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
Islam
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Sahih Muslim (Arabic: صحيح مسلم‎ , Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim; full title: Al-Musnadu Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections) in Sunni Islam. It is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims as well as Zaidi Shia Muslims. It is considered the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih al-Bukhari. It was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also known as Imam Muslim. Sahih Muslim, together with Sahih al-Bukhari is termed as Sahihayn.

Sahih Muslim

Book 12. Gifts


Chapter 1: Disapproval of Buying the Donated Property by the Donor Himself

Umar b. Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I donated a pedigree horse in the path of Allah. Its possessor made it languish. I thought that he would sell it at a cheap price. I asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about it, whereupon he said: Don’t buy it and do not get back your charity, for one who gets back the charity is like a dog who swallows its vomit. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Malik b. Anas with the same chain of transmitters but with this addition: “Don’t buy that even if he gives you for one dirham.”

Zaid b. Aslam reported on the authority of his father that ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with him) donated a horse in the path of Allah. He found that it had languished in the hand of its possessor, and he was a man of meagre resources He (Hadrat ‘Umar) intended to buy it. He came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and made a mention of that to him, whereupon he said: Don’t buy that even if you get it for a dirham for he who gets back the charity is like a dog which swallows its vomit.

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zaid b. Aslam with the same chain of transmitters but with this (change) that the hadith transmitted on the authority of Malik and Rauh (he was the son of Qisirn) is more complete and lengthy.

Ibn ‘Umar reported that ‘Umar b. al-Khattib (Allah be pleased with him) donated a horse in the path of Allah and (later on) he found it being sold, and he decided to buy that. He asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about it, whereupon he (the Holy prophet) said: Don’t buy that and do not get back what you gave in charity.

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar through another chain of transmitters.

Salim reported from Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) that ‘Umar donated a horse in the path of Allah and then found it being sold, and he decided to buy that. He asked Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) about it, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Umar, do not get back what you gave as charity.

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) having said this: He who gets back his charity is like a dog which vomit, and then returns to that and eats it.

A hadith like this is reported on the authority of Muhammad son of Fatima (Allah be pleased with her) daughter of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say: The similitude of one who gives a charity and then gets it back is like that of a dog which vomits and then eats its vomit.

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: One who gets back the gift is like one who eats vomit.

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Qatada with the same chain of transmitters.

Abdullah b. Tawus reported on the authority of his father who reported from Ibn Abas (Allah be pleased with them) who reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he said: One who gets back his gift is like a dog which vomits and then swallows that vomit.


Chapter 2: Disapproval of Giving Preference to Some Children While Making Donation

Nu’man b. Bashir reported that his father brought him to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: I have donated this slave of mine to my son. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Have you donated to every one of your sons (a slave) like this? He said: No. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) said: Then take him back.

Nu’man b. Bashir reported: My father brought me to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: I have donated this slave to my son. Whereupon he said: Have you made (such) donation to every one or your sons? He said: No. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Then take him back.