Sahih Muslim (Book 26-32)
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
Islam
10:13 h
Sahih Muslim (Arabic: صحيح مسلم‎ , Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim; full title: Al-Musnadu Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections) in Sunni Islam. It is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims as well as Zaidi Shia Muslims. It is considered the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih al-Bukhari. It was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also known as Imam Muslim. Sahih Muslim, together with Sahih al-Bukhari is termed as Sahihayn.

Sahih Muslim

Volume 6
(Book 26-32)

Book 26: On Salutations and Greetings

Chapter 1: The Rider Should First Greet the Pedestrian and the Small Number Should Greet the Large Number of Persons

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The rider should first greet the pedestrian, and the pedestrian the one who is seated and a small group should greet a larger group (with as-Salam-u-‘Alaikum).


Chapter 2: The Duty that One Owes on the Roadside is to Respond the Greeting of As-Salaam-U-‘Alaikum

Abu Talha reported: While We were sitting in front of the houses and talking amongst ourselves, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) happened to come there. He stood by us and said: What about you and your meetings on the paths? Avoid these meetings on the paths. We said: We were sitting here without (any intention of doing harm to the passers-by); we are sitting to discuss matters and to hold conversation amongst ourselves. Thereupon he said: If there is no help (for you but to sit on these paths), then give the paths their rights and these are lowering of the gaze exchanging of greetings and good conversation.

Abu Sa’id Khudri reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Avoid sitting on the paths. They (the Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger, we cannot help but holding our meetings (in these paths) and discuss matters (there). Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If you insist on holding meetings, then give the path its due right. They said: What are its due rights? Upon this he said: Lowering the gaze, refraining from doing harm, exchanging of greetings, commanding of good and forbidding from evil.

This Hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zaid b. Aslam with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 3: The Right of a Muslim upon Another Muslim Is that His Greeting Should be Responded

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Five are the rights of a Muslim over his brother: responding to salutation, saying Yarhamuk Allah when anybody sneezes and says al-Hamdulillah, visiting the sick following the bier.’ Abd al-Razzaq said that this Hadith has been transmitted as mursal hadith from Zuhri and he then substantiated it on the authority of Ibn Musayyib.

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings; when he invites you to a feast accept it, when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says: “All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you); and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier.


Chapter 4: Prohibition of Saying First As-Salam-U-‘Alaikum to the People of the Book, and How Their Salutations should be Responded

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When the People of the Book offer you salutations, you should say: The same to you.

Anas reported that the Companions of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said to him: The people of the Book offer us salutations (by saying as-Sam-u-‘Alaikum). How should we reciprocate them? Thereupon he said: Say: Wa ‘Alaikum (and upon you too).

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When the Jews offer you salutations, some of them say as-Sam-u-‘Alaikum (death be upon you). You should say (in response to it): Let it be upon you.