Sahih Muslim (Book 6)
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
Islam
2:37 h
Sahih Muslim (Arabic: صحيح مسلم‎ , Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim; full title: Al-Musnadu Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections) in Sunni Islam. It is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims as well as Zaidi Shia Muslims. It is considered the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih al-Bukhari. It was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also known as Imam Muslim. Sahih Muslim, together with Sahih al-Bukhari is termed as Sahihayn.

Sahih Muslim

Book 6. Fasting


Chapter 1: Excellence of the Month of Ramadan

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When there comes the month of Ramadan, the gates of mercy are opened, and the gates of Hell are locked and the devils are chained.

This hadith is reported by Abu Huraira (with a slight alteration of words) that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: “When (the month of) Ramadan begins.”


Chapter 2: Fasting in Ramadan Should Necessarily be Commenced with the Sight of the New Moon and Finished with the Sight of the New Moon. If the Weather Is Cloudy at the Beginning or at the End, then Complete Thirty Days

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying in connection with Ramadan: Do not fast till you see the new moon, and do not break fast till you see it; but if the weather is cloudy calculate about it.

Ibn Umar reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) made a mention of Ramadan and he with the gesture of his hand said: The month is thus and thus. (He then withdrew his thumb at the third time). He then said: Fast when you see it, and break your fast when you see it, and if the weather is cloudy calculate it (the months of Sha’ban and Shawwal) as thirty days.

This Hadith is narrated on the authority of ‘Ubaidullah with the same chain of transmitters, and he said: If (the sky) is cloudy for you, then calculate thirty days (for the month of Ramadan).

‘Ubaidullah narrated on the authority of the same chain of transmitters that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) made a mention of Ramadan and said: The month may consist of twenty-nine days, and it may be thus, thus and thus, and (he further) said: Calculate it, but he did not say thirty.

Ibn’Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month of Ramadan may consist of twenty-nine days. So do not fast till you have sighted it (the new moon) and do not break fast, till you have sighted it (the new moon of Shawwal), and if the sky is cloudy for you, then calculate.

‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month (of Ramadan) may consist of twenty nine days; so when you see the new moon observe fast and when you see (the new moon again at the commencement of the month of Shawwal) then break It, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then calculate it (and complete thirty days).

‘Abdullah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you see the new moon, observe fast, and when you see it (again) then break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then calculate it.

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month may consist of twenty-nine nights. So do not fast till you have sighted it (the new moon) and do not break it till you have sighted it, except when the sky is cloudy for you, and if it is so, then calculate it.

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month is thus and thus and thus (i.e. pointing with his fingers thrice), and he held back his thumb at the third time (in order to show that it can also consist of twenty-nine days).

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month may consist of twenty-nine days.

Abdullah b. ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The mouth (of Ramadan) is thus and thus, and thus i.e. ten, ten and nine.

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month is thus, and thus, and thus, and he flapped his hands with all their fingers twice, but at the third turn, folded his right thumb or left thumb (in order to give an idea of twenty-nine).