Sutra Collection (A Part-2)
8:44 h
Sutra (Sanskrit: सूत्र, romanized: sūtra, lit. 'string, thread') in Indian literary traditions refers to an aphorism or a collection of aphorisms in the form of a manual or, more broadly, a condensed manual or text. In Buddhism, sutras, also known as suttas, are canonical scriptures, many of which are regarded as records of the oral teachings of Gautama Buddha. They are not aphoristic, but are quite detailed, sometimes with repetition.
Sutra Collection
A, Part-2

Angulimaala Sutta

To Angulimala

I heard thus:

At one time the Blessed One was living in the monastery offered by Anathapindika in Jeta’s grove in Savatthi. At that time in King Pasenadi Kosala’s kingdom there was a robber named Angulimala. He was fierce, with bloody hands, engaged in killing living things without mercy. At that time he destroyed complete villages, complete hamlets and even the state. He killed humans to wear a garland of fingers. Then the Blessed One put on robes in the morning, taking bowl and robes entered Savatthi for alms. Going the alms round and returning from the alms round and after the meal was over, arranged the dwelling and taking bowl and robes, followed up the path to where Angulimala was. Cowherds, farmers and travelers seeing the Blessed One following up the path leading to where Angulimala was staying said, ‘Recluse do not fall to that path, there lives a robber named Angulimala, a fierce one with bloody hands, engaged in killing living things, without mercy. He has destroyed complete villages, complete hamlets and even states. He kills humans to wear a garland of fingers. O, recluse, even a band of ten, twenty, thirty forty, or even fifty people going along this path were killed by this robber Angulimala. When this was said the Blessed One went on, silently.

For the second time they said it and the Blessed One went on, silently and for the third time they said it and the Blessed One went on, silently.

The robber Angulimala saw the Blessed One coming in the distance and it occurred to him: ‘Indeed it is wonderful, people come along this path in bands of ten, or twenty, or thirty, or forty, or fifty, they all got into my hands, this recluse comes all alone, without another, maybe he thinks to overcome me. What if I kill this recluse?’ Then the robber Angulimala took out his sword and armor and fixed his bow and arrow and followed close behind the Blessed One. The Blessed One performed such a psychic intention, that the robber Angulimala pursuing the Blessed One with all his strength could not reach the Blessed One. Then it occurred to the robber Angulimala: ‘It is indeed wonderful, earlier, I could overtake a running elephant, a running horse, a moving chariot, here running with all my strength, I cannot reach up to this recluse.’ He stopped and called to the Blessed One. ‘Stop! Recluse stop!’

‘Angulimala, I have stopped. ‘When will you stop?’ The Blessed One said.

Then it occurred to the robber Angulimala: These recluses, the sons of the Sakyas talk the truth and are established in the truth: Yet while walking why did he say, ‘I have stopped and Angulimala when will you stop? What if I ask about it from the recluse?’ Then the robber Angulimala said this verse to the Blessed One.

‘While going the recluse says ‘I have stopped,’ when I have stopped, he says I have not stopped.
Recluse, explain this to me, how have you stopped and I have not stopped?

Angulimala I have stopped for good, giving up punishing living things.
You are not restrained towards living things, therefore I have stopped and you have not.

After a long time did we meet a great sage in the great forest,
I will throw away demerit for good, hearing your words enjoined with the Teaching.
Then and there the robber threw away his weapons into the depths of the forest
Fell at the feet of the Blessed One and begged for the going forth,
The Blessed One, the sage with compassion, for the whole world,
Gave him the going forth saying. ‘Come O, Bhikkhu!’ that was his going forth

Then the Blessed One with venerable Angulimala as the second monk went through the streets of Savatthi and arrived at the monastery offered by Anathapindika in Jeta’s grove. At that time at the entrance to the palace of king Pasenadi of Kosala was assembled a large gathering, making much noise: ‘Lord, there is a robber Angulimala, in the kingdom. He is fierce, with bloody hands, has no compassion for living things, destroys, hamlets, villages and states. He killing humans collects fingers to wear as a garland round his neck. Lord he should be punished.’

Then king Pasenadi of Kosala left his palace with about five hundred riders on horseback and approached the monastery. He went as far as could be reached in that conveyance and approached the Blessed One, on foot. Approaching the Blessed One he worshipped and sat on one side. Then the Blessed One said thus to king Pasenadi of Kosala ’Great king, has king Seniya Bimbisara of Magadha arisen against you, or has the Licchavis of Vesali arisen against you?’ ‘No, venerable sir, neither king Seniya Bimbisara of Magadha has arisen against me, nor the Licchavis of vesali have arisen against me. Yet there is a robber in my kingdom, by the name Angulimala, fierce, bloody handed, without compassion for living things. He destroys hamlets, villages and states killing humans to collect fingers to wear a garland round his neck. Venerable sir, I cannot punish him.’

‘Great king, if you see, Angulimala, with shaved head and beard, donning yellow clothes, gone forth homeless, abstaining from, destroying life, taking the not given, telling lies, partaking one meal a day, and virtuous. What would you do to him?’

‘Venerable sir, I will get up from my seat on his arrival, prepare him a seat, invite him, arrange to provide the four requisites of life, robes, morsel food, dwellings and requisites when ill and provide him righteous protection. Yet venerable sir, how could such virtues come to evil doers, like him?’

At that time venerable Angulimala was seated close to the Blessed One, and the Blessed One stretched his right and said, to king Pasenadi of Kosala: ‘Great king that is Angulimala.’

Then king Pasenadi of Kosala was shivering with fear and his hairs stood on end. Then the Blessed One knowing that king Pasenadi of Kosala was shivering with fear and that his hairs were standing on end, said thus: ‘Great king, do not fear, there is nothing to fear now.’ Then all that fear vanished from the king and approached venerable Angulimala and said. ‘Venerable sir, are you Angulimala?’